Volume 21 (2021)
Volume 20 (2020)
Volume 19 (2019)
Volume 17 (2017)
Volume 16 (2016)
Volume 15 (2015)
Volume 14 (2014)
Volume 13 (2013)
Volume 12 (2012)
Volume 11 (2011)
Volume 10 (2010)
Volume 9 (2009)
Volume 8 (2008)
Volume 7 (2007)
Volume 6 (2006)
Volume 5 (2005)
Volume 4 (2004)
Volume 3 (2003)
Volume 2 (2002)
Volume 1 (2001)
Comparative Study of “Equivalence Scale” for Iranian Urban Households; Before and after Implementation of Targeted Subsidies Plan

fatemeh mirmohammadalitajrishi; teymour mohammadi; Ali Asghar Salem

Volume 18, Issue 70 , October 2018, Pages 1-22

https://doi.org/10.22054/joer.2018.9558

Abstract
  Expenditure pattern across households varies due to differences in their economic circumstances, household size and composition. So, movements in prices of goods over time will have different impacts on households. “Equivalence scale” is an index that enables us to do welfare comparisons ...  Read More

Estimation of Health Costs of Electricity Production in Iran

Mohammadbagher Asadi; hosein sadeghi soghdel; Bahram Sahabi; alireza naseri

Volume 18, Issue 70 , October 2018, Pages 23-52

https://doi.org/10.22054/joer.2018.9559

Abstract
  By supplying energy for many activities, electricity is one of the most important drivers of industrial development. But, electricity industry is one of the largest producers of polluting gases due to combustion of fossil fuels. This has raised serious concerns about the externalities of pollutant emissions ...  Read More

Sovereign Wealth Funds, Sovereign Risk, and External Financing Costs of Financial Intermediaries

mohammad feghikashani; Parvin Yahyavi

Volume 18, Issue 70 , October 2018, Pages 53-88

https://doi.org/10.22054/joer.2018.9560

Abstract
  This paper takes a novel perspective in analyzing theoretically how the sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) would impact on the sovereign risk, and thereby, the financial sector and, due to some frictions, the real sector of its owner economy. This happens as we suggest SWFs could help in mitigating the extant ...  Read More

A Study of Per Capita Income Inequality Dynamics in Iranian Provinces Using Spatial Markov Chain

mohammad bagher beheshti; Parviz Mohammadzadeh; azra jamshidi

Volume 18, Issue 70 , October 2018, Pages 89-123

https://doi.org/10.22054/joer.2018.9561

Abstract
  The main objective of this study is to investigate the dynamics of income distribution and to find evidence of convergence or divergence in per capita income in Iranian provinces by using newly developed methods for Exploratory Space–Time Data Analysis (ESTDA). In order to achieve this goal, per ...  Read More

A Study of Labor Force Productivity Fluctuations in Business Cycles of Iran

Esfandiar Jahangard; parisa mohajeri; leila momeni

Volume 18, Issue 70 , October 2018, Pages 125-150

https://doi.org/10.22054/joer.2018.9562

Abstract
  The subject of labor force productivity changes during business cycles has been the focus of much debate among macroeconomics, which has gained less attention among studies focusing on Iranian Economy. In the study, we have aimed at empirically examining the role that labor force productivity fluctuations ...  Read More

Comparative Study of the Efficiency and Compensatory Effect of the Economic Openness on Government size in OIC Members

monireh rafat; Mostafa Emadzadeh; Zahra Ghandehary Alavijeh

Volume 18, Issue 70 , October 2018, Pages 151-184

https://doi.org/10.22054/joer.2018.9563

Abstract
  Globalization and economic openness, by raising external risks, increase the presence and interference of governments to support domestic economy. However, by integrating markets and creating competition in private sector, globalization decreases the presence of government in the economy. In this paper, ...  Read More

Measuring and Evaluating Productivity Indicators of Selected Banks in Iran(With an Emphasis on Efficiency and Effectiveness)

Seyed Mohammadreza Seyed Nourani; abass shakeri; amir khadem alizadeh; reza vafaee yeganeh

Volume 18, Issue 70 , October 2018, Pages 185-207

https://doi.org/10.22054/joer.2018.9564

Abstract
  Productivity is a behavioral trait that relies on relationship optimization and interaction between internal and external factors. Productivity derives its vitality from the fact that when it increases, total output can increase without increasing the factors involved in production. This study aimed ...  Read More

The Impact of Labor Force Supply by Afghan Refugees on Unemployment in Iran

seyed mostafa hosseini; bijan baseri; gholamreza abbasi

Volume 18, Issue 70 , October 2018, Pages 209-243

https://doi.org/10.22054/joer.2018.9565

Abstract
  Immigration is one of main concerns of policymakers in situations of recession and low return on economic activities due to its impact on labor supply and pressure on unemployment. Over the past three decades, Iran has become a host country with a wide range of Afghan immigrants who have a long history ...  Read More

A Reflection on the Origin of Bitcoin Value from the Viewpoint of Allameh Tabataba'i (RA)

Hasan Sobhani; aliasghar ghaeminia

Volume 18, Issue 70 , October 2018, Pages 245-263

https://doi.org/10.22054/joer.2018.9566

Abstract
  Money is one of the powerful institutions that humankind created and developed and nowadays it affects all of aspects of social human life. Money essentially is production of human socialization and we should think of it as a social reality that although has a special and independent role for each individual, ...  Read More

The Impact of Vulnerability and Economic Resilience on Volatilities of GDP Per Capita; A Cross Country Study

Afife Vosoughi

Volume 18, Issue 70 , October 2018, Pages 265-291

https://doi.org/10.22054/joer.2018.9567

Abstract
  In recent years many indices have been developed to measure the vulnerability and resilience of economies to external shocks. The development of composite indicators to quantify these concepts has received particular attention in economic literature. This study aims to investigate the impact of economic ...  Read More