Volume 20 (2020)
Volume 19 (2019)
Volume 18 (2018)
Volume 17 (2017)
Volume 16 (2016)
Volume 15 (2015)
Volume 14 (2014)
Volume 13 (2013)
Volume 12 (2012)
Volume 11 (2011)
Volume 10 (2010)
Volume 9 (2009)
Volume 8 (2008)
Volume 7 (2007)
Volume 6 (2006)
Volume 5 (2005)
Volume 4 (2004)
Volume 3 (2003)
Volume 2 (2002)
Volume 1 (2001)
Investigating the Effect of Structural Transformation on the Efficiency of VAT Collection in the Provinces in Iran

Ali Akbar Arabmazar; Hojjat Izadkhasti; Sarah Yavari

Volume 21, Issue 82 , October 2021, Pages 11-47


    Value-added tax is levied at various stages of the import, production, distribution, and consumption chain based on a percentage of the value of goods sold or services provided at each stage and ultimately paid by the final consumer. Structural transformation is considered as one of the variables ...  Read More

The Relation of Financialization with the Income Distribution and Economic Growth in Iran

Reza Maaboudi; Zeynab Dare Nazari

Volume 21, Issue 82 , October 2021, Pages 49-90


    This paper aims to study the relationship between financialization and the variables of income distribution and economic growth in Iran during 1988:q1 -2019:q4. To analyze the relationship, the continuous wavelet transform approach and to explain the results with empirical facts, the regression ...  Read More

The Role of Business Cycles in the Impact of Government Expenditure Components on Income Distribution (MSAR Approach)

Narges Ahmadvand; Mohammad Alizadeh; Mohammad Hassan Fotros; Mahbobeh Delfan

Volume 21, Issue 82 , October 2021, Pages 91-128


   The government expenditure in economic affairs can act as a tool for creating and sustaining development by improving income distribution. Therefore, prioritization and optimal allocation of economic expenditures of governments will be so important. In this regard, the present study has investigated ...  Read More

Banking Crisis Dates and Output Losses Following Crises

Seyed Saleh Akbar Mousavi; Behzad Salmani

Volume 21, Issue 82 , October 2021, Pages 129-161


  The purpose of this study is to determine banking crisis dates in four different groups of countries and also to calculate four alternative measures of real output losses in the year of the banking crisis and three years later, over the period 1980-2019. In the first step, we used the money market pressure ...  Read More

Transition from an International Economy to a Global Economy

Hosein Salimi

Volume 21, Issue 82 , October 2021, Pages 163-195


  The purpose of this article is to analyze the emergence of a new and different field for economic action. This new field is called the world economy, which is beyond the international economy, and its nature and the fundamental forces affecting it differ from those affecting the international economy. ...  Read More

The Effect of Trade and Direct Investment Spillovers on the Economic Growth of OPEC Countries; A Spatial Panel Econometric Approach

Abdol majeed Jalaee; Mahnaz Alibeygi

Volume 21, Issue 82 , October 2021, Pages 197-233


    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of trade and foreign direct investment on economic growth of OPEC members using the convergence and gravitation model. The model is estimated by the spatial Durbin regression model (SDM) using spatial panel data for the period 2010-2020. ...  Read More