Document Type : Research Paper


1 professor of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz.

2 Master of Economics, Tabriz University

3 department of economic. shahid chamran university of ahvaz


Investigate the factors affecting the smuggling of goods as well as its effects on macroeconomic variables has been one of the most important issues in the field of macroeconomics. Examining this issue and its results has an important role in policy making in the field of goods smuggling. Considering this issue, the purpose of this article is to investigate the economic smuggling of goods as one of the obstacles to production using an empirical approach. Therefore, in this study, in addition to estimating the volume of goods smuggling in Iran using structural equation modeling during the period from 1350 to 1399, its impact on Iran's gross domestic product will also be investigated with a time series approach. The findings of this study showed that the average volume of goods smuggling in the period under review was about 22.53% of the official GDP. Also, based on other results of this study, smuggling as an obstacle to production has had a negative and significant impact on GDP in the 50-year period under investigation.