اثرات پویای نهادهای مالی بر رشد اقتصادی با تاکید بر بازار بیمه، شواهدی از کشورهای توسعه یافته و در حال توسعه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده اقتصاد، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد رشته اقتصاد اسلامی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران

چکیده

این مطالعه شواهد جدیدی از اثرات بیمه زندگی، بانکداری و بازارهای سهام بر رشد اقتصادی 18 کشور توسعه‌یافته و 20 کشور درحال‌‌‌توسعه با استفاده از روش گشتاورهای تعمیمیافته (GMM) طی سال‌های 2016- 2000 ارائه میدهد. نتایج حاصل از برآورد برای کشورهای توسعه یافته و در حال توسعه نشان میدهد که درکشورهای توسعه‌یافته بیمه زندگی باعث تسریع رشد اقتصادی میشود درحالی که اثرات اعتبار خصوصی بر رشد اقتصادی منفی و بازار سرمایه تاثیر معناداری بر رشد نداشته است. نتایج کشورهای در حال توسعه نشان میدهد که بازار سهام رشد اقتصادی را افزایش میدهد درحالی که اثر اعتبار خصوصی بر رشد منفی و بیمه زندگی تاثیر معناداری روی رشد اقتصادی نداشته است. در مجموع نتایج نشان میدهد که اثر توسعه فعالیتهای مالی بر رشد اقتصادی با توجه به دوره، سطوح درآمد و توسعه مالی کشورها متفاوت است. بنابراین، کشورها در سطوح مختلف توسعه باید در فعالیتهای مالی مختلف برای اطمینان از رشد پایدار مشارکت کنند.

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